refining of secondary
raw materials from silicon photovoltaic manufacturing
ICARUS aims to demonstrate modular processing solutions at industrial scale to retrieve 95% of high-value raw materials from silicon ingot and wafer manufacturing.
Will be a driver for a new start of the European PV industry
It will do so through an eco-efficient processing, refining, and transformation of industrial silicon, graphite and silica waste streams.
Industrial symbiosis will provide refined raw materials for further industrial high-end applications. Material closed-loop systems will enable a circular economy for silicon ingot and wafer manufacturers, potentially unlocking substantial volumes of raw materials: 9.600.000 tons of silicon, 1.165.300 tons of silica and 64.000 tons of graphite by 2050.